What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders

Методы и инструменты анализа

What is a trailing stop, general concepts about Trailing Stop, why is it needed and where to place it, how to choose the right trailing stop, factors to consider when determining where to place a trailing stop. A trailing stop order can help stock traders who want to potentially follow the
trend while managing their exit strategy.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders

What is trailing stop

A trailing stop is an order placed on an asset that will cause it to sell automatically if its value moves up or down by a set percentage. It is more flexible than a
stop loss , as it allows the value of an asset to increase before any subsequent decline triggers a sale. Trailing stops allow a position to remain open while the price is moving in the right direction. The trailing stop has protection against very fast fluctuations.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders

Why you need a trailing stop

Trailing stops are a way to protect your income from trading securities by automatically placing a sell order if their value falls by a fixed percentage. However, this value will be applied to the market price, leaving the profit opportunity open.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders

Why you need to use a trailing stop in practical trading on the stock exchange

Trailing stops can provide effective ways to manage risk. Traders most often use them as part of a trade exit strategy.

Trailing Stop Sell

As the inside rate increases to new highs, the trigger price is recalculated based on the new high rate. The initial “high” is the inside rate when the trailing stop is first activated, so the “new” high will be the highest price the stock reaches above that initial value. As the price exceeds the initial bet, the trigger price resets to a new high. If the price stays the same, or falls from the original bid, or the highest subsequent high, the trailing stop maintains its current trigger price. If the cut price of the bet reaches or crosses the trigger price, the trailing stop triggers a market order to sell.

When to Use a Trailing Stop

The trailing stop can only be activated during the standard market session from 9:30 am to 4:00 pm. There will be no launch during extended hourly sessions, such as pre-market or off-hours sessions, or when the stock is not trading (eg, during a stock stop, or on weekends or market holidays).

What are the risks of thoughtlessly placing stop orders

Position management is essential in trading and it is necessary to understand the risks that can be faced when using a trailing stop:

  1. Trailing stops are vulnerable to price gaps , which can sometimes occur between trading sessions or during pauses. The strike price can be higher or lower than the trailing stop.
  2. Market closing . Trailing stops can only be triggered during a regular market session. If the market is closed for any reason, trailing stops will not be executed until the market reopens.
  3. When the market fluctuates , especially during periods of high trading volume, the price at which the order is filled may not be the same as the price at which the order was submitted for execution .
  4. Liquidity . It is possible to get different prices for parts of an order, especially for orders that include a large number of shares.

Why the trailing stop is so important and how it works

Before entering the market, it is important to make sure you have the right exit strategy in place. It is easy to maximize profits and minimize losses in one move. Too many people experience emotions from their investments. These are mistakes that cost a lot of money. Even investment legends like Warren Buffett are not always right. Trailing stop allows you to reduce risks. Here’s how it works. Suppose there is a stock trade at a price of $100. If the trailing stop is set at 25%, then the investor’s trailing stop will be 25% less than $100 or $75. If the shares fall to $75 at any time, they can be sold. However, that’s not all. Let’s say an investor’s shares rose to $200. As the stock reaches $125, $150, and $175, the trailing stop will increase.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersThis greatly reduces the risk of decline. A trailing stop fixes profits and protects the investor from further price declines. What most novice investors don’t know is that the market goes into recession every 5-10 years. Therefore, it is important to understand the facts. Trailing stop – what it is and how it works: https://youtu.be/mM54zY1IMi8

Where to look and how to set a trailing stop?

A trailing stop is sometimes referred to as a “floating stop loss”. It can also be used as an auxiliary tool or as a standalone advisor. In the first case, it is provided as a script that is installed on the client terminal. Trailing stop works on the user’s trading terminal, and not on the server, like
stop loss and take profit. Alpari Broker offers clients advanced trading opportunities. The tool is already integrated into the MetaTrader 4 terminal and can be used at any time.

Important!
Choosing the right broker is one of the main keys to successful trading.

To set a trailing stop:

  1. Start a new trade. Click the “New order” button, set the currency pair and set the volume.
  2. Set a stop loss and enter into a buy trade. After that, a new position will appear on the chart.
  3. On the “Trade” tab, right-click and select “Trailing Stop”.
  4. Set size between 15 and 715 points.

What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersThe default minimum value is 15 points. This means that if the price rises by 15 pips, the stop loss will move by the same amount. If necessary, the user can independently set the interval. To do this, you need to click the “Set Level” button and enter a specific value using the keyboard. Select the point where you want to set a trailing stop on MT4. When all transactions are completed, the stop-loss window on the chart will turn yellow, indicating that the new feature has been successfully activated. The tool can be activated by clicking on the corresponding item in the menu. The user can access basic control and configuration options. Trailing stop is a simple and convenient tool that combines the functions of stop loss and take profit. The algorithm becomes an independent assistant and reduces the risk of closing a deal. The system works smoothly and without errors as long as there is an Internet connection.

When does the trailing stop start/stop working?

To activate a trailing stop, the order must be profitable for a certain number of points. This feature will only be available after this condition is met. If the trading terminal crashes, closes or the computer shuts down, the trailing stop is removed because it is not saved on the server. To avoid this, you can use the free Exness VPS service.

Any trend consists of rising highs and lows. This means that you can place a trailing stop below the boundary of each pullback (the low before the price move). When the stop is hit, it will mean that the trend has left the structure and is likely to stop or reverse.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersMarket makers often use trader stops. As a result, stop losses are often hit by random price movements. To prevent this, a stop loss should be placed 1 ATR from the retracement boundary. This method is effective when the price movement in the trend is clear and consistent. In strong trends, when prices move almost vertically, the stop loss should be placed as close as possible to the current price movement. Usually such a movement is short-lived and is replaced by a sharp turn in the opposite direction.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersIn this situation, you can pull the stop loss under the minimum of each previous candle. This technique will allow you to take most of the profits when the trend reverses. It is recommended to move the stop loss when a very large candle is visible on the market, and the trend becomes steeper.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersTops or bottoms of a trend movement are connected by a trend line. If it is necessary to change the trend line, there will be a risk that the trend will end in the near future. In this case, the trend line will be crossed by the price.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders

Features of using a trailing stop

Without direction, price changes are cyclical. There are ups and downs. In an uptrend, the rise is longer than the fall, and in the case of a downtrend, the fall is longer than the rise. Moreover, long-term trends always have a “pullback”. This means that the trend can always reverse temporarily and return to its original direction.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop ordersThe chart above is a detailed long-term uptrend price chart. Prices on the chart do not grow linearly. Instead, they move up and down. Sometimes the trend even turns down. The stop order mechanism is simple. A stop order is placed at a certain distance from the current price. In a sense, it doesn’t matter if the price goes down, up, or back down. This means that if you open a position during a long-term trend and let the trailing stop move the stop order, you will get out of the position during the counter phase or its pullback. Therefore, in order to avoid losing position during the next correction, a larger correction value should be set. However, this can lead to significant losses in case of currency fluctuations. You can lose a significant part of the ongoing price movement, if stop orders are dragged at a minimum distance. Trailing Stop (Floating Stop): More Profit on Binance Futures with Trailing Stop (BNB, Binance): https://youtu.be/h2I63jTHDFY

Pros and cons of trailing stops

The main advantages of this tool are:

  1. Setting trailing stops can reduce the mental stress associated with constantly monitoring open positions.
  2. By automatically moving stop-loss orders into the profit zone, traders can (with the right use of this tool) minimize losses and increase potential profits.

Of course, there are also disadvantages, the most obvious of which are:

  1. The inflexibility is due only to the fact that the stop loss is drawn strictly at a fixed distance. On the one hand, this does not allow prices to move freely and may lead to premature closing of positions through stop losses (smaller trailing stop values). On the other hand, if the trailing stop is set too high, it can eventually (when the price reverses and hits the stop) eat up most of the paper profit.
  2. As mentioned above, trailing stops almost always require a trading platform with an uninterrupted internet connection.
What is a trailing stop, how to use it in practice and place stop orders
An example of a trailing stop trading approach
When using trailing stops, it should also be taken into account that they start to take effect only after reaching the specified profit value. Until this moment, the position remains without a stop loss order. Therefore, it is recommended to first place a stop loss order (preferably at the same distance as the trailing stop) and then set the trailing stop.
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