Stochastic Oscillator indicator – description and application, strategies

Методы и инструменты анализа

To trade different asset classes, traders always need indicators that identify buy or sell signals. Especially when trading on short timeframes, monitoring the news and the economic situation is not enough, you need various forex indicators (stochastics among them), which will show on the chart how and when you need to trade. This article will focus on the Stochastic Oscillator indicator – its application and what it can be used for.
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategies

Stochastic indicator: description and application

The stochastic oscillator, often known as the stochastic indicator, was developed in the 1950s by George Lane as an indicator for his
countertrend system.. Contrary to what the name implies, the concept behind it has nothing to do with stochastics, which is used in statistics to refer to random processes. Rather, this oscillator is based on the observation that during an uptrend, the closing price of the asset under study tends to fluctuate at the top of the trading range. In a downtrend, the opposite is true, and the value tends to move towards the bottom of the range. However, in practice, the stochastic divergence indicator turned out to be not very effective as a pure indicator of trend changes, because stochasticity alone, especially today, is no longer enough to determine trend reversals or price changes. Rather, the stochastic oscillator indicator was able to establish itself as part of the analysis method,

Stochastic is used in a simplified form to calculate the range between highs and lows over a given period. Thus, the trader, when working with the indicator, needs to set a certain time interval.

Stochastic Indicator: how to use it and who will benefit from it?

Success in trading depends on a money and risk management strategy, as well as identifying entry and exit points. Stochastic is a very flexible and versatile indicator that allows you to determine the presence or absence of a positive investment scenario in a few seconds. Unlike many other indicators, the stochastic indicator is not designed to follow the trend, but to identify reversal points. Therefore, if the values ​​indicate that a correction or rebound may occur in the near future, it makes sense to use a stochastic indicator to assess if a reversal is likely to occur in the near future.
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategies

Stochastic indicator for Forex trading

It doesn’t matter what asset class you plan to trade. Whether you are into crypto trading, trading classic assets like stocks, or active in the Forex market, it doesn’t matter. However, your strategy must be tailored to the relevant market and you must be well versed in the behavior of that market. First of all, active investors and traders benefit from the use of a stochastic indicator, for whom it is important that the technical analysis of price changes takes place as quickly as possible. However, while the stochastic indicator is suitable for all asset classes, it is especially popular with stock traders. If you want to learn intraday trading, the stochastic indicator has many tools to offer you. First of all, since stocks are very volatile,

Setting up the Stochastic Oscillator

Of course, if you want to use a stochastic indicator, you first need to set it up accordingly. The indicator is implemented on most major information and trading platforms, such as MetaTrader 4, where there is a default setting for the stochastic indicator. To use it, you only need to set the time span, as well as the corresponding maximum value, i.e. “H”, and the lowest value, i.e. “L”. To install Stochastic in the chart window, you need to open the “List of indicators” tab on the toolbar. Then select the “Oscillators” category, and in it – “Stochastic Oscillator”. Installing in a terminal window:
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategiesThe Stochastic consists of two average (exponential) lines, called the %K line and the %D line, which fluctuate between 0 and 100. The (solid) %K line is calculated as the difference between today’s closing price and the low of the period, divided by the difference between the high and the minimum value of the period. The %D line (dashed line) is the “simple moving average” of the %K line and is less sensitive than the %K line.

Calculation of indicators

By default, the %K line is calculated over a period of 5 days, and the %D line is calculated over 3 days. “Slow stochastic” or “slow stochastic” has an identical wording and interpretation, but somewhat reduced sensitivity. “Slow” and “Fast” are often confused, especially because the middle lines used always have the same designation. However, when mentioning the Stochastic indicator, it is usually the “slow” version that is meant. Stochastic in QUIK terminal:
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategiesThe calculation of the indicator is quite simple: first, you need to determine the maximum trading range of the period under consideration. Values ​​from 5 to 14 days (or minutes, hours, weeks, months, etc.) are common trading period parameters depending on whether the investor prefers a short or medium-term observation period. George S. Lane himself recommended five days as a period for calculating high and low prices. This determines the highest (intraday) price and the lowest (intraday) price of the last five days. The difference gives exactly the trading range you are looking for. Then the difference between the current closing price and the lowest price of the trading period is formed in the calculation. This value is then divided by the value of the defined trading range. The resulting coefficient is multiplied by 100.

What does the Stochastic indicator show?

As a result, you get the “%K” indicator, which ranges from 0 to 100. A value of 100 indicates that the underlying asset under study is trading at the maximum of the time period under consideration. A value of 0, on the other hand, indicates that it is trading at a low. Then, to smooth out the rate and turn the fast stochastic into a slow one, an arithmetic moving average is calculated for the result, which is also denoted as “%K”. Finally, a signal line is added, which, in turn, is the result of a moving average of “%K” and is denoted as “%D”. For both moving averages, values ​​of 3 or 5 are usually used as periods.
They are calculated using the following formula:
%K = (close price – low price) / (high price – low price);
%D = %K averaged over three periods.

Usage strategies

The position of the indicator on the scale indicates whether the analyzed underlying asset is in a state of overbought or oversold on the market. Values ​​above 80 are considered overbought and, accordingly, the underlying value is subject to price decline. Values ​​below 20 are considered oversold and therefore the underlying asset is vulnerable to a price retracement. However, if there is a strong trend, the underlying asset may remain in one of the mentioned extreme ranges for a long time.
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategiesTherefore, it is recommended that you first of all follow buy signals in a general uptrend and sell signals in a general downtrend. Conversely, in weak phases of a trend or in a sideways trading range, signals in both directions give good results. Actual trading signals result from the intersection of the indicator line (%K) with the signal line (%D). If the indicator line crosses the signal line in the oversold area, this is considered a buy signal. If the signal line crosses the indicator line down in the overbought area, this is considered a sell signal. Line crossing:
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategiesAs is the case with most indicators, using a stochastic oscillator (tinkoff stochastic indicator, binance stochastic indicator) is also useful to analyze the discrepancies between the indicator curve and the underlying asset price curve. They signal a weakening of the prevailing momentum and thus warn of a possible trend change. One of the moving average lines of the stochastic oscillator – the signal line – reacts to price changes faster than the other. This fast moving line most often indicates whether an asset will be overbought or oversold sooner. The stochastic oscillator can also be used to see if at least one of the moving average lines crosses the 20 level for a while down, and then rises above it again. This is considered a bullish signal. The price in such a situation is most likely will rise up. If any line briefly rises above 80 and then falls below it again, this is considered a bearish signal. As expected, the price in this case will fall. Divergence:
Stochastic Oscillator indicator - description and application, strategiesA positive/bullish divergence occurs when the underlying asset makes a new low and the indicator curve makes the same or higher low. A negative/bearish divergence is characterized by the price curve making a new high and the indicator line making the same or lower high.

Stochastic alert indicator

For many traders, such a system includes the automation of indicators. Some software applications and platforms offer an automatic alarm that issues a special message for certain scenarios and alarms. Upon receiving such an alert, you can either start trading immediately or recheck the trade against other indicators.

An interesting point: in addition, many trading platforms have the ability to implement automated trading. In this case, all you need is to set up the indicator and install the implementation of the corresponding actions for certain scenarios.

MT4 Stochastic Strategy Alert Indicator: Since online investment through trading has a large number of variables, it is desirable to cover as many of them as possible with different indicators. In addition to the stochastic indicator, which can be used to detect a trend reversal, other indicators should be used that can either calculate highs and lows or determine a range. Therefore, in combination with the stochastic,
Bollinger Bands and other well-known instruments are often used.

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